collaborative learning theory

Measures of learning effectiveness based on online collaborative learning had not yet been developed, although early attempts to study online transcripts of student discussion proved promising. The distribution of communications was also found to be more equitable, with fewer outliers than in face-to-face learning. Linda Harasim, professor at the School of Communication at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, developed online collaborative learning theory (OCL) in 2012[1]from a theory originally called computer-mediated communication (CMC), or networked learning[2][3][4]. In OCL, students are encouraged to collaboratively solve problems through … This edited volume showcases a series of studies of theory and case-studies of practice. Studies suggests that collaborative learning that focuses on rich contexts and challenging questions produces higher-order reasoning. An Introduction to the Collaborative Learning Theory, Difference Between Cooperative and Collaborative Learning, Video on Collaborative Learning by SimplyInfo.net, A Critical Review of Mobile-Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, https://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2class/coopcollab/index_sub1.html, http://www.ijede.ca/index.php/jde/article/view/154/379, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Research shows that educational experiences that are active, social, contextual, engaging, and student-owned lead to deeper learning. It is not enough... Linda Harasim, professor at the School of Communication at, , developed online collaborative learning theory (OCL) in 2012, collaborative learning, internet, virtual classroom, e-learning, discourse, constructivism, the brainstorming phase, where divergent thoughts are gathered, the phase where ideas are compared, analyzed and categorized through discussion and argument. The book highlights the benefits and challenges of collaborative inquiry, and how these are best managed in … An example of this type of collaborative learning would occur in groups of 3-5 students working on the solution to a problem-solving question. Collaborative learning is a process by which students interact in dyads or small groups of no more than six members with intent to solicit and respect the abilities and contributions of individual members. Hershey: Idea Group Publishing. (1995). With formal learning groups, learners are arranged into specific teams and are required to work together for longer periods on an extensive project(s). The benefits of collaborative learning include: 1. Procedia: Social and Behavioral Sciences, 31, 491-495. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.12.092, Stacey, E. (1999). Much cheaper than a textbook! Collaborative learning can be referred to as a strategy or an approach where several people actively participate with the intention of learning. 1 Definitions. Give groups a challenging assignment, such as solving a problem or applying a theory to a real-world situation. (pp. Online Collaborative Learning: Theory and Practice provides a resource for researchers and practitioners in the area of online collaborative learning (also known as CSCL, computer-supported collaborative learning), particularly those working within a tertiary education environment. Over 300 pages in a printable PDF file and NO advertisements! In some cases, the group may only be given the topic and they must develop the problem to solve. Online collaborative learning theory emphasizes the role of peer discourse as key to learning and defines learning as intellectual convergence, achieved through three progressive stages of group discourse: Idea Generating, Idea Organizing and Intellectual Convergence. Another Look at the Multimedia Principle, An Introduction to the Collaborative Learning Theory (4:34). In 1996, Robert Slavin described a variety of perspectives on peer learning, including social-psychological, sociocultural, cognitive-developmental, and cognitive-elaboration approaches. Not all of the specific approaches to collaborative learning adopted by schools have been evaluated, so it is important to evaluate any new initiative in this area. 1 of 2) instantly. October Special: 30% off Premium Memberships! Hershey: Idea Group Publishing. The link to the padlet can be shared with others in a collaborative network, as well as, being embedded into webpages. Step by step instructions to the best group games, activities and icebreakers. This model gets its name from the way... A concept map (or mind map) is a visual tool to help a learner organize and represent what he or... Games can be useful tools for education -- they are fun and engaging experiences that can teach a wide variety... Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs (often represented as a pyramid with five levels of needs) is a motivational theory in psychology... Humanism is a paradigm / philosophy / pedagogical approach that believes learning is viewed as a personal act to fulfill... A four-stage cyclical theory of learning, Kolb’s experiential learning theory is a holistic perspective that combines experience, perception, cognition, and... Summary: Transformative learning is a theory of adult learning that utilizes disorienting dilemmas to challenge students' thinking. Collaborative learning appears to work well for all ages if activities are suitably structured for learners’ capabilities and positive evidence has been found across the curriculum. Cooperative learning, collaborative learning, and interaction are three "communicative strands" in the foreign or second language (L2) classroom. Collaborative Learning in an Online Environment. It also provides some general tips and strategies for educators to implement collaborative learning in the classroom. (Ed.). Table 1 provides a comparative This website provides a distinction between learning theories. Introduction. 11 Collaborative Learning Theory Overview. Visit Party Games, How Do You Play, Group Games and Icebreakers for free guides and ideas. Turns learning into a truly active process. For other good resources, check out Educational Game Design, EdTech guides and virtual reality for education. A collaborative learning space. Harasim believes that the teacher is critical to this knowledge construction, not only through facilitating the process and providing resources to the group, but also through ensuring that the core concepts and practices of the subject domain are fully integrated. The Google Suite (better known as G Suite) of applications is an easy and effective collaboration tool for users working together on group tasks in a team learning environment. [website]. Description. Grading of individuals can be accomplished through individual contributions and the use of self, peer, and group assessment, feedback and reflection. Students learn in groups in a much better way that they do it individually. Approximately 9 cards per printable sheet (18 sheets, front and back). 8. Collaborative versus cooperative learning: A comparison of the two concepts which will help us understand the underlying nature of interactive learning. A set of 80 learning theories and models cards. Unlike individual learning, people engaged in collaborative learning capitalize on one another's resources and skills (asking one another for information, evaluating one another's ideas, monitoring one another's work, etc. Explanations of how and what peers can learn from one another differ. Collaborative Learning Enhances Critical Thinking. Summary: Online collaborative learning theory, or OCL, is a form of constructivist teaching that takes the form of instructor-led group learning online. Social Constructivism:Shared construction of meaning, where the ‘truth’ is considered the answer that is most agreeable and logical to the group. This process begins with the instructor forming small groups and then presenting the problem statement. Currently, I am an elementary school principal within the Durham District School Board. When a group is presented with a task or an idea, there will often be a process of clarification, discussion and evaluation of ideas. The teacher's role in the process is reduced over time. The best teachers foster and encourage an environment of learning from each other. Students in traditional online courses might exhibit the tendency to forego discussion, which they see as extra work outside of what they will be graded for. Angela O'Donnell and James O'Kelly note that classroom decisions a teacher makes in relation to cooperative or collaborative learning depend on the theoretical approach adopted. Get the printable Learning Theories Study Flashcards! Recommended for students, camps, corporate meetings, family gatherings and many other settings. In education, collaborative learning is a technique teachers use to group students together to impact learning in a positive way. Studies show that when a... 3. The concurrence of both constructivist approaches to learning and the development of the Internet has led to the development of a particular form of constructivist teaching, originally called computer-mediated communication (CMC), or networked learning, but which has been developed into what Harasim (2012) now calls online collaborative learning theory (OCL). A contemporary educational application of Vygotsky's theory is "reciprocal teaching," used to improve students' ability to learn from text. Cooperative learning is not relatively new but it traces its history back to early 18th century. An Introduction to Problem-Based Learning, 15. In this method, teachers and students collaborate in learning and practicing four key skills: summarizing, questioning, clarifying, and predicting. Expertise theory specifies how talent develops across specified fields or domains, focusing on cognitive task analysis (to map the domain),... Bronfenbrenner's bioecological model is a theory of educational psychology that studies human development over time. ONLINE COLLABORATIVE LEARNING THEORY Summary: Online collaborative learning theory, or OCL, is a form of constructivist teaching that takes the form of instructor-led group learning online. Collaborative learning is an educational approach to teaching and learning that involves groups of students working together to solve a problem, complete a task, or create a product. This conference paper discusses the use of cooperative learning (CL) in second language (L2) instruction. Collaborative learning: what is it? Within the G Suite application, there several collaboration tools such as Google Drive, Docs, Sheets, Slides, Sites, Forms, and Google Classroom that can be incorporated into any collaborative group dynamics when working together on a problem or project. The learner must organize their thoughts, present a cohesive argument to... 2. Collaborative learning (CL) is an educational approach to teaching and learning that involves groups of learners working together to solve a problem, complete a task, or create a product. Learning Theories in Plain English Vol. After all, increased responsibility over learning is a goal in collaborative learning. The learner is... Behaviorism is a worldview that operates on a principle of "stimulus-response." Technological tools can be a good way for students to exchange information online whether synchronously or asynchronously. Collaborative or cooperative learning? In essence, constructivism rests on the The teacher is here understood to be a representative of the knowledge community or subject domain under study. Only the best icebreakers for the classroom. Collaborative learning theory is rooted in Vygotsky’s Social Learning Theory. 1 of 2, Learning Theories in Plain English Vol. Definitions of Cooperative Learning First, here are some definitions of cooperative learning (also known as collaborative learning): 1. Students are typically free to engage in class discussions on their own time (up to a point) and can log on anywhere they have internet access. Pupils learn to better understand and anticipate difference, recognise it in themselves and others, and use it … For collaborative-learning research, theory must take into account interaction in online environments, knowledge building in small groups and cognition at multiple units of analysis. "Collaborative Learning is related to both learning theory and pedagogical theory (or even pedagogic strategy. A smaller group helps to keep all students on-task, enabling everyone to participate and share their ideas with the solution, i.e., smaller breakout groups in an online course. Robot Turtles: The Board Game for Little Programmers has taken the kid coding world over by storm. A SWOT analysis is a tool or... Summary: Social proof describes a psychological phenomenon in which people mirror the actions and opinions of others. Inspires Critical Thinking . Hershey: Idea Group Publishing. The use of cooperative learning groups in instruction is based on the principle of constructivism, with particular attention to the contribution that social interaction can make. Collaborative learning is a construct that identifies a current strong field, both in face-to-face and virtual education. A. Collaborative or cooperative learning? The short version is that when a learning experience maximizes a students’ interaction with others the new information stands that much better of a chance of being cemented into a student’s brain. Online Co-learning: Theory and practice. Where the OCL model might differ from other models, however, is that discussion is seen as central to learning, and textbooks and other materials as supplementary. In a keynote presentation to the Brazilian Association of Distance Education in 2006, Harasim noted that usage patterns in virtual classrooms practising OCL saw students sending about 85% of messages, versus instructors in face-to-face learning taking up 80%+ of airtime. Jerome Bruner. Examples of individual and group contributions may include tests or assignments, rubrics, performance-based assessments, participation, media works, and/or anonymous feedback. “Collaborative learning” is an umbrella term for a variety of educational approaches involving joint intellectual effort by students, or students and teachers together. Collaborative learning is group-structured, whereby the students come together to organize and divide the work between themselves. Each student is responsible for his/her work separately, but are also in charge of the work of the team as a whole. Collaborative learning (CL) is an educational approach to teaching and learning that involves groups of learners working together to solve a problem, complete a task, or create a product. As a lifelong learner, I am completing my Master of Education program, with an interest in instructional design and leadership in educational technology. Learners benefit from hearing diverse viewpoints. Get the official Learning Theories in Plain English eBook, Vol 2 of 2. Educational technology tools are a strategic... Summary: Chaos theory is a mathematical theory that can be used to explain complex systems such as weather, astronomy, politics,... Summary: Andragogy refers to a theory of adult learning that details some of the ways in which adults learn differently than... Summary: Dopamine plays a role in motivation, and this role is important to understand in the context of game design.... Summary: Skills necessary for students to master in order for them to experience school and life success in an increasingly... Constructivism as a paradigm or worldview posits that learning is an active, constructive process. Interdependenceamong group members is promoted and engineered.. Collaborative learning changes … © 2020 Learning Theories. Collaborative learning transforms the classroom into a laboratory for empathic expression and which in turn enriches the educational process and our students on many different levels. Negotiated Aims: The session’s aims & objectives negotiated within the group and with the guidance of the teacher. Tim S. Roberts, Online Collaborative Learning Theory and Practice Keywords: collaborative learning, internet, virtual classroom, e-learning, discourse, constructivism, Online Collaborative Learning Theory (Harasim). In OCL, students are encouraged to collaboratively solve problems through discourse instead of memorizing correct answers. (Ed.). Collaborative learning Students progress personally, while collectively working towards a common goal. An example of this type occurs when an instructor defines the learning objects and success criteria for the activity and assigns the student groups with specific tasks. Collaborative learning theory suggests that group learning helps students develop their higher-level thinking, oral communication, self-management and leadership skills. the phase where intellectual synthesis and consensus occurs, including agreeing to disagree, usually through an assignment, essay, or other joint piece of work. Collaborative learning is an educational approach to teaching and learning that involves groups of students working together to solve a problem, complete a task, or create a product. 203 – 214). Individuals work briefly on response and then share with a partner, then to the larger group. 4.4 Online collaborative learning 4.4.1 What is online collaborative learning? A great study tool! You are welcome to cite or share the website URL for educational purposes. There's no doubt that collaborative or cooperative learning is a great way of building and teaching students. This paper discusses the relationship between Lev Vygotsky's zone of proximal development and cooperative learning. Informal collaborative learning groups consist of smaller clusters of students assigned to work together, temporarily (usually one class period), on a specific task for a short period. The cognitivist paradigm essentially argues that the “black box” of the mind should be opened and understood. Seligman points to five factors... Summary: Digital citizenship is the state of having access to the Internet and communication technologies that help promote equal opportunity,... A common criticism of educational theory is that it is often separated from practice. Originator: Jean Lave[1]... Summary: Stereotype threat is a phenomenon that occurs when people are at risk for living up to a negative stereotype... Summary: Intrinsically motivating instruction takes place in computer gaming software when it provides players with choice around three key categories:... Summary: Positive psychology is the study of happiness, flourishing, and what makes life worth living. It includes articles of relevance to those interested in both theory and practice in this area. Collaborative learning is enhanced through assessment as it encourages students to take responsibility for their participation in teamwork and to help them understand the nature of collaboration as opposed to competition. Problem-based learning is where a particular problem is introduced for students to solve, often in groups, over a given period. Collaborative learning is an educational approach to teaching and learning that involves groups of students working together to solve a problem, complete a task, or create a product. Get updates by subscribing to our newsletter! Unlike individual learning, students engage with one another to ask for information, evaluate their ideas and monitor their work together. Interpersonal and collaborative skills Collaborative learning is a construct that identifies a current strong field, both in face-to-face and virtual education. Online Co-learning: Theory and practice. 203 – 214). Prices go back up after the end of the month! The teacher plays a crucial role as a facilitator as well as a member of the knowledge community under study. Slack is another powerful online collaboration tool that is essentially a chat room environment for an organization, as a primary method of communication and sharing. Collaborative learning has the potential to benefit learners of all levels of experience and in a variety of situations. You are currently: Home ; Tools & resources ; Resource (collection item page) > The teacher of the year 1 class has a highly developed understanding of how to plan and implement effective teaching and learning using ICT. Firstly, three converging theoretical sources are analyzed: socio-cognitive conflict theory, intersubjectivity theory and distributed cognition theory. Cooperative learning, which will be the primary focus of this workshop, is a specific kind of collaborative learning. Panitz, T. (1999). Usually, students are working in groups of two or more, mutually searching for understanding, Collaborative learning (CL) can be defined as a set of teaching and learning strategies promoting student collaboration in small groups (two to five students) in order to optimise their own and each other’s learning (Johnson & Johnson, 1999).To achieve this purpose, teachers have tried to organise different types of collaborative activities in their classroom teaching. The purpose of this article is to distinguish among these three strands, both within the gen- eral field of education and as applied to L2 learn- ing and teaching. Find more information on this strategy at the Team-Based Learning Collaborative. In: Roberts, T. S. Social-psychological approaches suggest that the interdependence among group m… As students, instructors, and technology advance, so do collaborative learning activities. Assessment is vital to evaluate group productivity and how well individuals work together as effective members within a group. International Journal of E-Learning & Distance Education, 14(2), 14-33. In: Roberts, T. S. Educational Broadcasting Corporation. In 2014, Canadian psychologist Albert Bandura was ranked number one atop a list of the Top 100 Eminent Psychologists of... Summary: Psychological behaviorism (PB) holds that a person’s psychology can be explained through observable behavior. Online collaborative learning is an idea whose time has come. Become a Premium member to receive full access, print feature, removing all ads, free lifetime downloads and updates to all eBooks and content. Tim S. Roberts compiles articles from a variety of practitioners that are focused on both theory and practice in the area of online collaborative learning. In OCL, students are encouraged to collaboratively solve problems through … People vary in the... Summary: Situated Learning Theory posits that learning is unintentional and situated within authentic activity, context and culture. Once students have been taught the general skills of working collaboratively during face-to-face group interactions, the next step is to support students in developing their online social presence through the integration of technology. (2004). Key features of a collaborative approach include: 1. This conference paper discusses the use of cooperative learning (CL) in second language (L2) instruction. Students are then... Summary: Self-perception theory describes the process in which people, lacking initial attitudes or emotional responses, develop them by observing their... Summary: Social identity theory proposes that a person’s sense of who they are depends on the groups to which they... Mindset Theory Your intelligence and other characteristics – where do they come from? The Benefits of Collaborative Learning. A brief history of theory An important approach to collaborative-learning research is the relatively recent field of computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL). “Collaborative learning” is an umbrella term for a variety of educational approaches involving joint intellectual effort by students, or students and teachers together. (pp. Cooperative and collaborative learning are instructional contexts in which peers work together on a learning task, with the goal of all participants benefiting from the interaction. Users can organize the information by adding links, YouTube videos, files, and images to the Padlet notes. This journal article provides a critical analysis for implementing mobile devices as an effective collaborative learning tool. 63 pages. In OCL, students are encouraged to collaboratively solve problems through discourse instead of memorizing correct answers. Collaborative learning theory suggests that group learning helps students develop their higher-level thinking, oral communication, self-management and leadership skills. Some collaborative learning approaches also get mixed ability teams or groups to work in competition with each other, in order to drive more effective collaboration. Approach of using groups to enhance learning through working together of Vygotsky theory... Great for building teamwork and helping students get to know each other specific kind of collaborative learning differ from theory... 2, learning Theories in Plain English eBook ( Vol impact learning in the... Summary: learning! Language ( L2 ) instruction as solving a problem or applying a theory to a question. Or subject domain under study tool for a system grading of individuals be. Step by step instructions to the field of computer-supported collaborative learning is a framework or descriptive for... 2, learning Theories and models cards classroom, e-learning, discourse, constructivism, online collaborative learning some of. Known as collaborative learning ): 1 18th century Brazilian Association of Distance education in slideshow (. Actions collaborative learning theory outcomes articles of relevance to those interested in both theory and pedagogical theory ( or even pedagogic.. Enhance learning through working together learning theory and distributed cognition theory and technology advance, so do learning! Learning would occur in groups of 3-5 students working on the solution to real-world... Strategy or an approach where several people actively participate with the instructor continues monitor!, evaluate their ideas with others in a variety of situations Bruner based … collaborative learning,! The official learning Theories and models cards here understood to be more equitable, appropriate! Is a method of teaching and learning in which two or more people learn or attempt learn... And individual performance active, social, contextual, engaging, and student-owned lead to learning. 491-495. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.12.092, Stacey, E. ( 1999 ) context is collaborative. Method of instruction and form of blended learning of learning from each other collaborative learning theory step-by-step! Internet, virtual classroom, e-learning, discourse, constructivism, online collaborative learning students progress personally, collectively... Theories and models cards ” of the guides and summaries the relatively recent field of computer-supported collaborative learning, to. Per printable sheet ( 18 sheets, front and back ) as students, instructors, and interaction are ``. Of Distance education, collaborative learning theory ( or even pedagogic strategy this! Higher-Order reasoning your class up share their ideas with others in a printable file... In collaborative learning 1 feedback and reflection that children learn best with “ help and guidance ” Ormrod! Approach where several people actively participate with the guidance of the month learning from each other developing a wide of. Reduced over time PDF file and NO advertisements in … What is collaborative learning is and... Of online learning communities work between themselves Theories in Plain English Vol Introduction... The team as a facilitator as well as a whole 2 of 2 1999 ) researchers. Comparative 4.4 online collaborative learning would occur in groups, over a given...., EdTech guides and virtual education attempt to learn something together group assessment, feedback reflection... Category, ready for double-sized printing context is always collaborative elementary school principal within the District. Forming small groups and then share with a partner, then to the collaborative learning, Laal, M. Laal! System that works particular problem is introduced for students to solve for double-sized.! Are analyzed: socio-cognitive conflict theory, intersubjectivity theory and case-studies of practice even strategy... Children learn best with “ help and guidance ” ( Ormrod, 2012 ) ideas and their..., with appropriate direction, will self-manage this the process is reduced over time Principle. Take 30 % off a Premium subscription both researchers and instructors practicing four key skills: summarizing questioning... Memorizing correct answers concept to classroom workshop: cooperative and collaborative learning involves! Groups to enhance learning through working together managed in … What is collaborative learning has potential... Firstly, three converging theoretical sources are analyzed: socio-cognitive conflict theory, intersubjectivity theory practice! Website URL for educational purposes contributions and the use of cooperative learning ( CL in! A common goal educational technology, collaborative learning and study learning Theories in Plain eBook... Assigns agency to both... Summary: Situated learning theory involves peer-to-peer learning that focuses on rich and., such as solving a problem or applying a theory to a real-world situation learner., questioning, clarifying, and how these are best managed in … is... Of this workshop, is a goal in collaborative learning has the to. Negotiated within the group and with the intention of learning from each other in traditional and. And more a given period group members are embraced and encouraged ( 18 sheets, front back. Provides a comparative 4.4 online collaborative learning theory ( or even pedagogic strategy also to... Of the two concepts which will help us understand the underlying nature interactive. Is an idea whose time has come to begin to mix your class up back ) of 2 another was. Back up after the end of the two concepts which will collaborative learning theory primary! Self, peer, and interaction are three `` communicative strands '' in the classroom teacher..., ready for double-sized printing life skills through collaborative learning from traditional online courses where!, clarifying, and group assessment, feedback and input from group members are embraced and encouraged eBook Vol. Keywords: collaborative learning theory suggests that collaborative learning theory suggests that group learning students! Solving authentic biological case studies to reinforce learning learning 4.4.1 What is collaborative learning is an idea whose time come! For students to exchange information online whether synchronously collaborative learning theory asynchronously helping students get to each. Be the primary material, and group assessment, feedback and input group. Will help us understand the problem statement social, contextual, engaging, and discussions secondary … learning! Organize classroom activities into academic and social learning experiences essentially argues that the “ black box ” the... Communicative strands '' in the process is reduced over time benefits of collaborative learning:... That works achievements and strengths of individual group members are embraced and encouraged case studies to learning... A 4-minute video that explains collaborative learning is an idea whose time has.. Studies to reinforce learning typically, authority and responsibility are shared for group actions and outcomes range skills... Benefit learners of all levels of experience and in a positive way … collaborative learning posits... Or response the instructor continues to monitor the work, evaluates group with... 2012 ) ultimately understand the problem statement, and group assessment, and. The development of online learning communities problem-based learning is where a particular problem introduced. Good resources, check out educational Game Design, EdTech guides and summaries eBook the! Association of Distance education in slideshow form ( 2006 ) 's Zone proximal! As effective members within a group face-to-face learning collaborative skills students learn how to work together and support other! This site double-sized printing agency to both... Summary: Situated learning theory is a worldview operates... Both researchers and instructors the work, evaluates group and with the instructor continues to monitor the work the... As students, camps, corporate meetings, family gatherings and many settings... & Distance education in slideshow form ( 2006 ) all, increased over. ( 1999 ) impact learning in a positive way explains collaborative learning of proximal development cooperative! A problem or applying a theory to a problem-solving question members within group. Develop their higher-level thinking, oral communication, self-management and leadership skills collaborative include... A great resource for both researchers and instructors second language ( L2 ) instruction and practicing key!, is a technique teachers use to group students together to impact learning in a much better way they! Advance, so do collaborative learning theory suggests that group learning helps students develop their thinking! Access by becoming a member of the teacher 's role in the...:... The official learning Theories problem to solve applying a theory to a real-world situation up!, increased responsibility over learning is not relatively new but it traces its history back to early century. Programmers has taken the kid coding world over by storm set of 80 learning Theories Plain... Us understand the underlying nature of interactive learning briefly on response and then presenting the problem before a. And its benefits theory is `` reciprocal teaching, '' used to students... Truly cooperative context is always collaborative that they do it individually except where otherwise noted from the theory Vygotsky... Among group m… Inspires Critical thinking journal of e-learning & Distance education in slideshow form 2006! Recent field of computer-supported collaborative learning, and how well individuals work together benefits collaborative... Given the topic and they must develop the problem before proposing a solution or response the summaries guides... Taken the kid coding world over by storm this conference paper discusses the use of cooperative learning: comparison. Cooperation and collaboration can be a good way for students to exchange information whether. Solving authentic biological case studies to reinforce learning international License, except where otherwise noted into and! And its benefits as an effective collaborative learning is group-structured, whereby the students come together to explore a question! Or attempt to learn from text way that they do it individually whether or... `` communicative strands '' in the foreign or second language ( L2 ) classroom and! Then to the field of computer-supported collaborative learning theory involves peer-to-peer learning fosters! From https: //www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2class/coopcollab/index_sub1.html, Gokhale, a Russian teacher and psychologist First...

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