Dated: 12/3/2020 10:49:54 AM âAny young man, who makes dowry a condition to marriage, discredits his education and his country and dishonours womanhood.â--Mahatma Gandhi India is one of the most religiously and ethnically diverse nations in the world, with some of the most deeply religious societies and cultures. There are many severe consequences resulting from the payment of dowries. The number of dowry deaths saw a jump from 48 in 2018 to 52 in 2019 , though 2017 2018 and 2019 saw an average of more than two cases a day. Dowry is a social evil that is slowly eating up the society.What a day would be when fathers no more have to worry about getting a daughter married as soon as she is born and just live that moment as they would had it been a son. The population of persons below 15 years is around 43 percent of the total population; and women of reproductive age (15-49 years) represent 46 percent of the total female population. We should create a movement and strong public opinion against the dowry system. Apart from that, they had culture hinders a good relationship between the provider and receiver of dowry. The dowry system has done a great harm to the social growth of Indian life. If the family of the bride does not pay the fixed amount of money to the groom’s family in time, the family of the groom starts torturing physically the helpless bride. The social superstitions, blind beliefs and other backward customs not only create barriers but also destroy the hopes of women. Human rights is a concept that has been constantly evolving throughout human history. A dowry of household goods often helped the newly weds set up their own home. As a result, it creates problems between family and within the society. Maximum sectors of our society the dowry system are prevailed. The daughters of poor families suffer more than those of rich families. They have reversed Allah’s words in their practice. The women and their parents should refuse the men who want dowry. Dowry is a social evil that has persisted in India for centuries. Otherwise, the daughter has to lead a virgin’s life at a corner of home. By this tradition the parents have compelled to give any demanding money or other things and for that they sell their last resource, browed money or take loan and after that they are compelled to pass their unbearable life. There are lots of evils practiced in marriages today, dowry would probably fade into the distance. Although the dowry was legally prohibited in 1961 it continues to be highly institutionalized. Dowry system has become a social norm and it is a great problem for society and also for women. So many educated girls like Shilpi are married with an uneducated man. The registration of marriage should be made compulsory. Brides lived with their husband’s family and poor families often saw the bride as another pair of hands. Based on detailed fieldwork, this article discusses the historical assimilation of dowry practices in Bangladesh, including debates regarding its social his practice gmans ramifications on women’s rights in Bangladesh, linked now to growing evidence of dowry-related violence. Bangladesh is such type of country where most of the people are poor and in the rural area most of the people have no fixed income and they have no more property for living. It is a sad irony that women (mostly mothers-in-law) end up being the ones who direct oppressive attitudes toward other women (daughters- in-law). Dowry â A Social Evil That Is Here To Stay Of the many social evils that India wears as a crown of shame, dowry is one long-lasting and deep-rooted evil that is here to stay for a while. In South Asia today, “dowry deaths” are sometimes a problem: a dowry, paid on marriage, is returnable if the marriage ends. The dowry system is the evil which has killed and crippled many helpless women and also many women have committed suicide. Domestic violence against woman was widespread. The poor fathers in our society think that fatherhood of a female child is a curse. Dowry was widely .practiced in Europe. Dowry is a social evil that has persisted in India for centuries. He puts the necklace around the bride’s neck and embraces her. In some eases, parents borrow money on exorbitant rate of interest to marry their daughters and sisters and spend rest of their life in great misery. It is a means by which the woman is despised and belittled. Issuu company logo Originally, the purpose of a dowry was to help a husband to feed and protect his family, and to give the wife and children some support if he were to die. The dowry was later given to help with marriage expenses and became a form of insurance in the case that her in-laws mistreated her. Particularly, Islam has prohibited the acceptance of dowry rather there is the system of mahr where the bride is to given a certain amount after marriage. The idea of natural rights continued in ancient Rome. It is high time we change our ways to be more progressive and inclusive as a society. It is a token of respect to the bride.â, There is considerable debate what constitutes dowry in its various forms. Mostak Ahmed, “If we can reduce the availability of using the women in commercial purpose, their social value will increase and then it will be possible to reduce the dowry from our society.” There are thousands of cases that few offenders are actually punished. While dowry abuse is most common among Hindus, it is rising among Muslims too. Ain O Shalish Kendra has been declared that at the year 2000, 1876 women have oppressed by Dowry. The punishment could be imprisonment for a minimum of 5 years and a fine of more than â¹15,000 or the value of the dowry received, whichever is higher. Just as child marriage, child labour, caste system and gender inequality, dowry system is also one of the evil social systems that needs to be eradicated for the society to prosper. It is especially common in arranged marriages and rural areas and widely recognized as a Traditional ritual of marriage. By Asiya Wani. There are laws in that country to protect the rights of Hindu women such as Widow Marriage Act 1856, Racial Inability Remission Act 1850, Child Marriage Prevention Act 1929 (Amendment 1938), Earned Property Affairs Act 1930, Inheritance Act 1925 and Hindu Women’s Rights to Lands Act 1937. Dowry is one of them. For the offence of rape, the perpetrator will be sentenced to rigorous life imprisonment with additional fine. M. Ed student of Cluster University Jammu Dowry as Money, goods or other property given or promised directly or indirectly by the brides side to the groom or his father, mother or any other person from the bridegrooms side at the time of marriage as consideration or condition of the marriage and any such money, goods or property demanded from the bride or the bride’s side by the groom, his father or mother or any person from the groom’s side Section 2(j).Dowry refers to a gift or payment by a bride’s family to the groom or his family at the time of marriage. The Act uses and defines the terms sexual abuse and sexual harassment for the first time. Even in the oldest available records, such as the Code of Hammurabi, the dowry is described as an already-existing custom. This indicates that she is now engaged and unavailable to any other man. Dowry is the reason for other problems. This also leads to poverty and overpopulation of tâ¦ But only an in significant minority has. It is a punishable offence under Bangladesh Penal Code. The practice of dowry has caused Muslims in many parts of the world to continue their prejudices against women despite the Islamic prohibitions against it. Now a days people are not judged on the basis of their good qualities but on the basis of caste, gender, education, status, etc. Dowry is one of the important issues of this hour. Regarding dower there are 3 different views. The giving of a dowry more or less disappeared in Europe in the 19th and 20th centuries. Dowry system is social evils prevailing in Nepal. The abuse may be meted out by the husband or members of his family, especially his mother. India has an alarming trend that sees 20 women die every day as a result of harassment over dowry ,either murdered or compelled to commit suicide. (b) by the parents of either party to a marriage or by any other person to either party to the marriage or to any other person; (at the time of marriage or at any time) before or after the marriage as consideration for the marriage of the said parties, but does not include dower or mahr in the case of persons to whom the Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) applies. In some instances, even after payment of dowry as was agree upon by both sides, fresh demand of dowry from the groom’s side is not uncommon. In 2001, 173 girls and women were killed due to dowry demand with 79 of these victims below the age of 18. So conjugal conflict, oppression of women, family’s unpleasant, dissolution of marriage etc. Hence this gave no relief to the poor people. The bill was passed by the Parliament on 13th July, 2003. A social evil called dowry. Dowry system has become a social norm and it is a great problem for society and also for women. In fact, there is now a large volume of ethnographic and theoretical literature on dowry and bride-price. If demanding dowry is considered a crime, so should give dowry. A family may be destroyed by dowry. Besides, the Hindu women can file cases under Family Court Ordinance 1985, Dowry Act 1980 and Women and Children Repression Act 2003. It will draw many girls to suicide to save their parents from economic drudgery. In some parts of Europe, land dowries were common. The social evils and superstitions that had crept in the society over the centuries made social reforms imperative for the development of the society and the masses. The Dowry Custom in Bangladesh has a long history in Europe, South Asia, Africa and other parts of the world. Link/Page Citation Byline: Syed Shahzain Naqvi - KARACHI. One of the major functions of the society and the state should be to protect women against ill treatment by their husbands and husbands’ kin. Sometimes we see that the parents of daughter searched a good bridegroom for their daughter who will be polite, intelligent, faithful and his quality will be sufficient to maintain their family after marriage. Dowry: a Social Evil: Strict laws required to prevent women from being treated as commodities: Smita Poudel (smita) Print Article Published 2006-09-26 10:50 (KST) Recently my mother told me the story of one of her friends near Kathmandu who met a tragic end. It is especially common in arranged marriages and rural areas and widely recognized as a traditional ritual of marriage. An Overview on Dowry System: A Social Evil. The dowry system is the evil which has killed and crippled many helpless women and also many women have committed suicide. Moreover, where a woman commits suicide for fear of losing her chastity due to the willful act of a person, then that person will be accused as a provocateur and will be punished for the offence with imprisonment of five to ten years. Hence this gave no relief to the poor people. Home; Columnist; Dowry â A Social Evil. It paves the way of gender discrimination. It is a social dangerous evil of our country Nepal. Human rights became synonymous with natural rights. Different laws are enacted to prohibit dowry and the injustice against girls stemming. In modern age, still in different cities, towns and in villages, the dowry system is going to be practiced. Hardly a day passes by when one does not come across news about a young woman taking her own life because of constant harassment by her in-laws, or of a new bride being beaten to death by her greedy husband in connivance with his family. Marriage negotiations for Bangladeshi Muslims involve various financial transactions including primarily the religiously sanctioned dower (mahr). Dowry is one of the social evils that have become a barrier to lead a normal life for women. Kanya means daughter, and dana means gift. Rape is probably one of the most common forms of violence against women in Bangladesh to date. In our religion, there is no compulsion to give dowry. Another great evil is the dowry system. This modern feature of dowry’ means the transmission of large sums of money, jewellery, cash and other goods from the bride’s family to the groom’s family. It has caused too much destruction to the socio-economic structure. There is nothing strange or unique about a culture influencing Muslim practice, as it is a common characteristic around the globe that when a new religion spreads in an area, people who live in that area retain some of the customs and traditions which they have been practicing for centuries. At the same time they create crime because their mind have been cropped day by day. Rahima told Odhikar investigators that she had been married for four years to Abdul Wahab, who drives a rickshaw van and is a habitual gambler. A survey conducted by Naogaon Human Rights Development Associations (NHRDA) revealed that 84% percent of the cases it received in 2000 were dowry related wife battering cases. For that they can pay some amount to have our son.” So in an effort to respect parents and to conform to cultural norms, Muslim youth in India are bending over backwards to follow traditions that aren’t even rooted in Islam. Article 27 of the Constitution states, “All citizens are equal before the law and are entitled to get equal protection of law” Similarly, article 28(1) states that ””the State shall not discriminate against any citizen on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.’1” Article 28(2) states, “Women shall have equal rights with men in all spheres of the state and of public life.” Additionally, article28(4) provides that “Nothing shall prevent the State from making special provisions in favor of women or for the advancement of any backward section of the population.” Article 29(1) provides, “There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in respect of employment or office in the service in the republic”. A dowry is a gift of money or valuables given by the bride’s family to the groom and the newly formed household at the time of their marriage. The Indian constitution also prohibits giving, taking or asking for dowry. If the bride had been a valuable worker, her family was sometimes compensated for the loss of her economic support. Angelo’s motive for forswearing his betrothal with Mariana was the loss of her dowry at sea. The groom’s father brings a bottle of wine or brandy wrapped in a colorful silk handkerchief and attached to a necklace of coins. Dowry is complete injustice with women and does not give women equal status in society. Â© 2017 All Rights Reserved. For this reason most of the parents of bride have sold their living property to accomplish the Dowry demand, as a result the dependent people, poor people and bagger system increased day by day in our society. Dowry is a social evil which has affected our society very badly. Due to dowry system in Indian societies many other social evils have taken birth. Present situation of Dowry in Bangladesh, Dowry is also related to early marriage and polygamy. The brides are placed in the same class as those of cattle. DOWRY â¢ This is a totally un-Islamic practice. Sufia Khatun writes in the Nari Jibon Bangla Blog Amader Kotha about bride dowries which are still a menace in Bangladeshi society. She may give it away as a gift, she may lend it to others or she may give it in charity or do any other permissible acts she wishes with it. The home is thus organized on the pattern of a microcosmic estate, with the man in a position of authority. Social boycott and demonstrations against the offending parents andâ relatives of the boy can prove a powerful weapon in checking this evil. Asiya Wani Any young man, who makes dowry a condition to marriage, discredits his education and his country and dishonours womanhood.â -Mahatma Gandhi Evils of Dowry System in India (Essay on Dowry System) Paragraph on Dowry system : In todayâs materialistic society, the curse of dowry is like a weevil in wheat. Those people who gave dowry to their child always expect something in return. 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